Artificial Intelligence…Defined

Image credit: Wired.com
Q. What is artificial intelligence?
A. It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.
August 31, 1955
The term “artificial intelligence” is coined in a proposal for a “2 month, 10 man study of artificial intelligence” submitted by John McCarthy (Dartmouth College), Marvin Minsky (Harvard University), Nathaniel Rochester (IBM), and Claude Shannon (Bell Telephone Laboratories). The workshop, which took place a year later, in July and August 1956, is generally recognized as the official birthdate of the new field.
The proposal defined what its authors meant by “artificial intelligence”:

An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves. … For the present purpose the artificial intelligence problem is taken to be that of making a machine behave in ways that would be called intelligent if a human were so behaving.
Definition of artificial intelligence
1 :a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers
2 :the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior
  • Artificial intelligence is a computerised system that exhibits behaviour that is commonly thought of as requiring intelligence.” (3)
  • “Artificial Intelligence is the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by man.” (4)
  • The founding father of AI, Alan Turing, defines this discipline as:
    • “AI is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.” (5)

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